Question

How do I reference online sources?


Answer

For a detailed list referencing a variety of online sources, see the Library's Page on Referencing Online Sources. 

 

Database

NB: No reference to the database is required. 

 

Author Surname, Initials. (Year). Title. In [Name of Publication].

e.g. Keyormarsi, K., O'Leary, N., & Pardee, A. B. (2008). Cell division. In McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology (10th ed.). 

In-text: (Keyormarsi, O'Leary & Pardee, 2008)

 

If a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) is listed, include that on the end of the reference in either the original DOI format or in the new URL format.

 

Author Surname, Initials. (Year). Title. In [Name of Publication]. doi: [insert DOI number]

e.g. Wilens, T. E., & Biederman, J. (2006). Alcohol, drugs, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A model for the study of addictions in youth. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 20, 580-588. doi:10.1177/0269881105058776

 

In-text: (Wilens & Biederman, 2006)

e.g. Wilens, T. E., & Biederman, J. (2006). Alcohol, drugs, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A model for the study of addictions in youth. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 20, 580-588. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269881105058776

In-text: (Wilens & Biederman, 2006)

 

Online Newspaper

Author Surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title. Name of Online Newspaper. Retrieved from URL

e.g. Parker, T. (2009, August 26). Getting rid of side stitches. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

In-text: (Parker, 2009)

 

Online Journal

Author Surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title. Name of Online Journal, Volume(Issue). Retrieved from URL

e.g. Novotney, A. (2010, January). Integrated care is nothing new for these psychologists. Monitor on Psychology, 41(1). Retrieved from www.apa.org/monitor

In-text: (Novotney, 2010)

 

eBook

Author surname, Initials. (Year). Title [Format]. Retrieved from [Insert platform].

e.g. Chisum, W. J. (2006). Crime reconstruction [Adobe Digital Editions]. Retrieved from Overdrive.

In-text: (Chisum, 2006)

 

Interviews

Interviewee's Surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of interview [Insert format]. Retrieved from URL

e.g. Barnes, E. (1969, September 4). Interview with Eva Barnes – Part 1 [Real Media file]. Retrieved from http://www.studsterkel.org/dstreet.php

In-text: (Barnes, 1969)

 

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