To use a keyboard shortcut, press and hold one or more modifier keys and then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to use Command-C (copy), press and hold the Command key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys:

  • Command (or Cmd) ⌘
  • Shift ⇧
  • Option (or Alt) ⌥
  • Control (or Ctrl) ⌃
  • Caps Lock ⇪
  • Fn

Cut, copy, paste, and other common shortcuts: 

  • Command-X: Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard
  • Command-C: Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder
  • Command-V: Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder
  • Command-Z: Undo the previous command. You can then press Shift-Command-Z to redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands
  • Command-A: Select All items
  • Command-F: Find items in a document or open a Find window
  • Command-G: Find again: Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Shift-Command-G
  • Command-H: Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Option-Command-H
  • Command-M: Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Option-Command-M
  • Command-O: Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open
  • Command-P: Print the current document
  • Command-S: Save the current document
  • Command-T: Open a new tab
  • Command-W: Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Option-Command-W
  • Option-Command-Esc: Force quit an app
  • Command–Space bar: Show or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command–Option–Space bar
  • Control–Command–Space bar: Show the Character Viewer, from which you can choose Emoji and other symbols.
  •  Control-Command-F: Use the app in full screen, if supported by the app.
  • Space bar: Use Quick Look to preview the selected item
  • Command-Tab: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps
  • Shift-Command-3: Take a screenshot of the entire screen. To take a screenshot of a select area, use Control-Command-4 and then select the area you want to take the screenshot of. 
  • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder in the Finder
  • Command-Comma (,): Open preferences for the front app


If you have any other questions please feel free to contact the 1 Degree desk. 


Can’t find the answer you were looking for?

Can’t find the answer you were looking for?


Use our live chat to get support during school hours or submit a ticket with your question and we’ll get back to you with an answer as soon as we can.