For information detailing how to reference images, please refer to the Library's Page on Referencing Images. You required referencing style is APA 6th Edition.

General Rules

Any image used in your assignment requires a caption. If the image is not your own work it also requires an in-text citation to the original source.


A Figure Caption should include:

  • The word Figure (below an image) with a capital letter and in italics
  • A number (from 1, in numerical order) followed by a period
  • A title for the figure or brief description of the work
  • An in-text citation for the reference of the source (if not your own work), which includes the Author(s) surname, date and page number for the source if one is present, i.e. (Smith, 2012, p.14)


A Table Caption should include:

  • The word Table (above a table) with a capital letter
  • A number (from 1, in numerical order)
  • A title for the table in italics
  • The word Note (below a table) with a capital letter and in italics, followed by a period
  • Following the word Note, a phrase starting with Adapted from ...

You must Refer to each Figure or table in the text of your Assignment and highlight what you want your Reader to Notice:

  • (see Figure 1)
  • Table 2 compares...
  • As Figure 3 indicates...


In your References List, if you got the image from:

  • A BOOK, reference it as you would a quotation from a book
  • A JOURNAL, reference as you would a quotation from a journal
  • A WEB PAGE, reference it as you would a quotation from a web page


Image from a Website

Author Surnames, Initials. (Year). Webpage. Retrieved from URL

e.g. Faiola, A., Eglash, R., & Boorstein, M. (2015). The voices of Auschwitz. Retrieved from

In-text: (Faiola, Eglash & Boorstein, 2015)


Artwork from a Website

Artist's Surname, Initials. (Year artwork created). Title of artwork [format]. Retrieved from URL

e.g. Munch, E. (1893). The scream [Painting]. Retrieved from

In-text: (Munch, 1893)


Image from a Book

First Surname, Initials., & Second Surname, Initials. (Year published). Title of Book. Place published: Publisher.

e.g. Butt, T., & Russell, P., & Grigg, R. (2004). Surf science: An introduction to waves for surfing. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

In-text: (Butt, Russell & Grigg, 2004)


Image from a Magazine/Journal Article

Author’s surname, Initials. (Year, Month Day). Title of Article. Title of JournalVolume(Issue), pages.

e.g. McMillan, A. (2015). Corner shop. Sanctuary, 2015(32), 62-65.

In-text: (McMillan, 2015)

NB: In this example, Sanctuary magazine does not have volume numbers. As a result the year is entered in its place.

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